Jupiter, the largest major planet, is also the one that spins the fastest!  Its day is less than 10 Earth-hours long!  (1.6.x)  (1.4.1)

Jupiter, the fifth planet from the Sun  (1.6.x)  (1.4.1), is the first of the Gas Giants and is more than twice as massive as all of the other planets combined!

Gravity synchronizes the orbital periods of Jupiter's 3 inner Galilean moons: Io, Europa and Ganymede!  (1.6.x)

Right Drag with your mouse after you run the links above that display planetary orbits to get a good sense of their 3-dimensional aspects.

Are you unfamiliar with our 1.6.x and 1.4.1 links?  For an explanation  click here.

CLOUD VIEWS

As a gas giant, Jupiter lacks any solid or liquid "surface".  Instead, what is often called the planet's "visible surface" is actually an unfathomably elaborate cloud system that is differentiated into layers, bands and countless eddies!  No spacecraft has yet sent back close-up pictures from within Jupiter's cloud layers, so here are links to artists' depictions of that veiled and mysterious realm.

SkyMarvels™ Art © 2013
NASA Galileo Probe
NASA Galileo Probe

CELES-TIPS

The following will help you enjoy this page's 1.6.x and 1.4.1 links that run events directly in CELESTIA.  If you're new to the program, these tips will also help you learn to use it.

You'll find more information about many of CELESTIA's controls on our  Learning Center  page.



JUPITER

Current Views and Conditions from Earth
Current Location in the Constellations (w/ Geo-Coords)
Current Location in Orbit

Equatorial Radius:    71,492 km
Equatorial Radius (Earth = 1):    11.209
Rotational Flattening:    0.06487
Mass (Earth = 1):    317.83
Volume (Earth = 1):    1,321.33
Mean Density (Water = 1):    1.31
Mean Density (Earth = 1):    0.240
"Surface" Gravity (Earth = 1):    2.530
Inclination of Axis to Orbit:    3.13°
Rotation Period:**
      Synodic ("Day" in Earth hours):    9.9259
      Sidereal (in Earth hours):    9.9250
Albedo (geometric):    0.52
     
Magnetosphere
      Magnetic Field (Earth = 1):    17,900
      Magnetic Polarity:    opposite that of Earth
      NASA Photojournal Image  

Origin

View Jupiter in 3-D:  superb 3-D animations from Robert Vanderbei's great site.  (Also see his Galilean moon animations below.)  Drag worlds to see their poles; but if you do, views always rotate left to right, not around worlds' axes.  (Requires browser supporting  WebGL )
Image Tours: Stormy Jupiter  is a nice Flash interactive from HubbleSite
NASA / JPL's Photojournal pages for Jupiter

Atmosphere and Clouds:
      NASA Mission Juno: Atmosphere
      NASA Vid: Jupiter's Atmospheric Motion
      NASA Vid: Atmospheric Motion at Great Red Spot
      NASA Vid: Atmospheric Polar Winds
      NASA Mission Juno: Maps & Views
      Cassini's Best Maps
            Cylindrical Map with no Lat & Long
            Cylindrical Map with Lat & Long, no Grid
            Cylindrical Map with Lat, Long & Grid
      Upper Atmosphere Graphic
Aurora

NOTE:  to see Jupiter's internal structure, hover your cursor over the planet's image at upper-right.

Number of Moons:    at least 63 (more suspected)
      Wikipedia's Moons of Jupiter page
      Major Moons:    4 (the "Galilean Moons")
            View in 3-D:  IoEuropaGanymedeCallisto
            Compare to Other Moons
            Composite View of Galilean Surface Details

Galilean Moon Orbital Resonances:
      Io - Europa: 2 to 1
      Io - Ganymede: 4 to 1
      Europa - Ganymede: 2 to 1
     


Ring System:    Yes

Planet Classifications:
      Outer Planet (along with Saturn, Uranus & Neptune)
      Gas Giant (mostly hydrogen and helium)
      Superior Planet (has larger orbit than Earth)

Orbit:   (1.6.x)   (1.4.1)
      Period:    11.86 Earth years
      Distance from Sun:
            Mean (Earth = 1 AU):    5.204 AU
            Mean:    778,570,000 km
            Perihelion:    740,520,000 km
            Aphelion:    816,620,000 km
      Velocity:
            Mean:    47,052 km/hr
            Min:    44,784 km/hr
            Max:    49,392 km/hr
      Eccentricity:    0.0489
      Inclination to Ecliptic:    1.304°
      Orbit Shared by:
            Trojan amd Hildian Asteroids
                Motions of Jupiter, the Trojans & the Hildas
                Orbits of Jupiter & a Few Example Hildas
                (Learn more on our  Smaller Worlds  page.)
                    © SkyMarvels, enhancement of NASA image

*Earth mean solar day = 24.0000 hours (24h00m00s)
  Earth sidereal day = 23.9345 hr (23h56m4.1s)

**Different latitudes on the Gas Giants rotate at different speeds

Partial Information Source: NASA Fact Sheets


ADJECTIVES MEANING
"pertaining to Jupiter"

      Jupiterian (used primarily in science-fiction)
      Jovian (from Greek god, Jove)


JUPITER'S SKY PATH 2013–2014

JUPITER JUNO Location

Jupiter Mutual Eclipse: 2010 March 31

JUPITER: Largest of the Planets
video credit: NASA

JUPITER'S INTERIOR
video credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech


DIRECT LINKS TO MEDIA
OFFERED ON OTHER SITES

GALILEO Mission to Jupiter  high-resolution poster

NASA's Mission Juno (to Jupiter) Site  is brimming with awesome animations and information on Jupiter!  This one is not to be missed!  Make sure you check out its  Media Gallery!

A nice NASA-JPL Multimedia of  the Voyager Missions.


        (or press your browser's "back button")


Back to Top

Home   Intro   News   Gallery   Sky-Gifts   Bonuses   Tips
Learning Ctr   Help   Links   Credits   Legal   Contact Us

© 2007- by Gary M. Winter.  All rights reserved.

Interested in political cartoons and humor?
Check out The HIPPLOMATS™.

SkyMarvels, Sky Marvels, SkyMarvels.com, celestia4all, celestiaforall, CELESTIA, astronomy, space, simulations, animations, downloadable astronomy posters, stars, planets, Inner Planets, Outer Planets, Inferior Planets, Superior Planets, moons, asteroids, comets, Oort Cloud, galaxy, galaxies, Milky Way, Andromeda, globular clusters, binaries, quasars, black holes, supermassive black holes, telescope, telescopes, planetarium, software, freestuff, satellites, add-ons, addons, scripts, eclipses, Solar Eclipses, Lunar Eclipses, Solar Eclipse Finder, Lunar Eclipse Finder, mutual eclipses, transits, occultations, Solar System, CELES-TOOLS, celeSTARrium, CELX, CELX programming, Freebies, Bonuses, multiple views, atronomical unit, light year, parsec, meteors, meteor showers, Perseids, Geminids, Leonids, barycenter, time, Time Zones, tides, alignments, conjunctions, oppositions, seasons, apogees, perigees, aphelion, perihelion, Earth, Luna, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Galilean Moons, Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto, Saturn, Titan, rings, Uranus, Neptune, Triton, E-MSpectrum, electromagnetic spectrum, astronaut, equinoxes, solstices, precession, rotation, spin, inclination, tilt, Ecliptic, orbits, ellipse, parabola, hyperbola

Planet Comparison HD vid.


Donate safely with: PayPal

to receive one or more
Sky-Gifts.  Your support is greatly appreciated!

SKY VIEWING
SOLAR SYSTEM
THE SUN
MERCURY
VENUS
EARTH
THE MOON
MARS
JUPITER
SATURN
URANUS
NEPTUNE
SMALLER WORLDS
STELLAR OBJECTS
EXOPLANETS
DEEP-SKY OBJECTS
SCALE OF THE COSMOS
———————
SKY-FUN / SKY-GAMES


NASA's LATEST

JUPITER JUNO Info


JUPITER FUN FACTS

Jupiter rotates on its axis so rapidly, once every 10 hours, that its equator is moving faster than Earth's "escape velocity!"

Jupiter is a massive planet, 2½ times more than massive than all of the other planets combined!

Every so often, three solar eclipses occur on Jupiter at the same time!

Jupiter's "Great Red Spot" appears to be shrinking!  A hundred years ago it was twice as long as it is now!

When it approaches Jupiter in 2016, the Juno spacecraft will be travelling at 165,000 mph and will be the fastest object ever made by man!

JUPITER INTERACTIVES

QUICK ACCESS LIST

Note: some links are echoed elsewhere on this page and may include descriptive text.

From NASA here's one of its most awesome interactives:  Mission Juno

HubbleSite's  Image Tours: Stormy Jupiter

View & Drag in 3-D.  (Requ. browser supporting  WebGL )
    Jupiter
        Io    Europa
        Ganymede    Callisto

Links to interactive features that show Jupiter's orbit in 3-D can be found on our  Solar System page

Though New Horizons is on its way to Pluto, it will need a  Gravity Assist at Jupiter

NASA-JPL's  The Voyager Missions

From Amazing Space-STScI, here's a goofy interactive that still manages to be quite involving and educational:  Planet Impact

Jupiter Viewer  lets you find the tilt of Jupiter & its rings, and the location of its major moons, for any time and date.

Jupiter Moon Tracker  allows you to generate and download diagrams of the locations of Jupiter's major moons and rings over spans of time.


SKYMARVELS™
POSTERS FEATURING JUPITER

Earth's Tides

Our Corner of the Cosmos

Anatomy of the Milky Way


SKYMARVELS™
VIDEOS FEATURING JUPITER

Jupiter Mutual Eclipse: 2010 March 31

The Solar System Barycenter

The Speed of Light

Stunning Fields of View 001

Have You Ever . . . ?

"celestia4all" Site Preview