Venus is a cloud-veiled world, whose thick atmosphere's "surface pressure" is over 90 times that of Earth's!  (1.6.x)   (1.4.1).   Here is a view of Venus's surface beneath its clouds!  (1.6.x)   (1.4.1)

Venus, the second planet from the Sun, has the most circular orbit of any of the major planets!  (1.6.x)   (1.4.1)

Right Drag with your mouse after you run the links above that display planetary orbits to get a good sense of their 3-dimensional aspects.

Are you unfamiliar with our 1.6.x and 1.4.1 links?  For an explanation  click here.

SURFACE VIEWS

Venus's surface is so hostile that no lander spacecraft has operated there for more than a few hours!  So, few photos of this harsh surface exist.

Searing Venus: © SkyMarvels.

VENERA 9: 1975 Oct 22  

VENERA 10: 1975 Oct 25  

VENERA 13:
1982 Mar 1  
1982 Mar 1  

VENERA 14: 1982 Mar 5  

Here's a cool NASA artist's impression that shows

Pioneer Venus Multiprobe

Here are NASA artist's concepts of the proposed Flagship Mission

Trajectory Concept  
Landing Concept  
Balloon  

Here's another NASA artist's concept of a  Proposed Bal- loon Exploration of Venus.

Here's another cool NASA artist's impression that shows an extremely tough  Proposed Venus Rover.

Here is  NASA's Proposed Venus Landsailer     PDF

CELES-TIPS

The following will help you enjoy this page's 1.6.x and 1.4.1 links that run events directly in CELESTIA.  If you're new to the program, these tips will also help you learn to use it.

You'll find more information about many of CELESTIA's controls on our  Learning Center  page.


VENUS

Current Views and Conditions from Earth
Current Location in the Constellations (w/ Geo-Coords)
Current Location in Orbit
Current Year's Greatest Elongations
Next Transit Pair:    2117 Dec 10-11    2125 Dec 8

Equatorial Radius:    6,051.8 km
Equatorial Radius (Earth = 1):    0.949
Rotational Flattening:    0
Mass (Earth = 1):    0.815
Volume (Earth = 1):    0.857
Mean Density (Water = 1):    5.24
Mean Density (Earth = 1):    0.951
Surface Gravity (Earth = 1):    0.905
Inclination of Axis to Orbit:    177.36°


Scorching Venus rotates clockwise when viewed from above.  Compared
to the rest of the
major planets, that
is retrograde, AKA "backwards"!

Rotation:
      Direction:    Retrograde
      Period:
            Synodic ("Day" in Earth solar* days):    116.75
            Sidereal (Earth solar* days):    243.02
Albedo (geometric):    0.67 (highest of any Major Planet)
Magnetic Field (Earth = 1):    ~ 0.000015 (very weak)

View Venus in 3-D (showing clouds):
View Venus in 3-D (no clouds):  superb 3-D animations from Robert Vanderbei's great site.  Drag Venus to see the poles; but if you do, view always rotates left to right, not around Venus's axis.  (Requires browser that supports  WebGL )

Maps of Venus's Surface:
      Global Mosaic  (26.4 km per pixel)
      USGS Venus Global GIS Mapping Application
NASA / JPL's Photojournal pages for Venus

Venus's Atmosphere:

NOTE:  to see Venus's internal structure, hover your cursor over the planet's image at upper-right.

Number of Moons:    0
Ring System:    No

Planet Classifications:
      Inner Planet (along with Mercury, Earth & Mars)
      Terrestrial Planet (primarily Earth-like structure)
      Inferior Planet (has smaller orbit than Earth)

Orbit:   (1.6.x)   (1.4.1)
      Period:    224.701 Earth solar* days
      Distance from Sun:
            Mean (Earth = 1 AU):    0.723 AU
            Mean:    108,210,000 km
            Perihelion:    107,480,000 km
            Aphelion:    108,940,000 km
      Velocity:
            Mean:    126,072 km/hr
            Min:    125,244 km/hr
            Max:    126,936 km/hr
      Eccentricity:    0.0067
      Inclination to Ecliptic:    3.39°

      Phases of Venus

      Transits (in front of the Sun):
            Pattern:    Pairs 8 Years Apart
                  Pairs Alternate by 121½ then 105½ Yrs
            Last Pair:    2004 Jun 8;  2012 Jun 5-6
            Next Pair:    2117 Dec 10-11    2125 Dec 8
            Currently all occur in June or December
           
            SunAeon's 2012 Venus Transit  (It's AWESOME!)
            Nice AP Video on the 2012 June Transit
            NASA Graphic of the 2004 and 2012 Transits
            2012 June 5-6 Transit Pages:
                  NASA     HMNAO

*Earth mean solar day = 24.0000 hours (24h00m00s)
  Earth sidereal day = 23.9345 hr (23h56m4.1s)

Partial Information Source: NASA Fact Sheets


ADJECTIVES MEANING
"pertaining to Venus"

      Venerean, Venusian
      Cytherean (from Greek goddess, Cythera)


VENUS: Its Phases as an Inferior Planet

MERCURY'S & VENUS'S SKY PATHS 2013–2014

NASA/RASC Conceptual Mission to Venus
video credit: NASA/RASC

VENUS: Magellan Planet Flyovers/Radar Calibration Results
video credit: NASA/JPL

NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory's
Ultra-high Def View of 2012 Venus Transit

video credit: NASA/Solar Dynamics Obs/Goddard Space Flight Ctr


2012 VENUS TRANSIT OF THE SUN

Let's see how CELESTIA depicts this event, the last of its kind for over a hundred years  (1.6.x).  Compare it to what is presented in the video directly above.


DIRECT LINKS TO MEDIA
OFFERED ON OTHER SITES

Here's a link to a nice NASA page:  Timeline of Venus Exploration Missions.  Lots of good background info here!


Back to Top

Home   Intro   News   Gallery   Sky-Gifts   Bonuses   Tips
Learning Ctr   Help   Links   Credits   Legal   Contact Us

© 2007- by Gary M. Winter.  All rights reserved.

Interested in political cartoons and humor?
Check out The HIPPLOMATS™.

SkyMarvels, Sky Marvels, SkyMarvels.com, Venus, View its Current Distance, Current Apparent Size, Current Phase, Current Position in Orbit and much more! celestia4all, celestiaforall, CELESTIA, astronomy, space, simulations, animations, downloadable astronomy posters, stars, planets, Inner Planets, Outer Planets, Inferior Planets, Superior Planets, moons, asteroids, comets, Oort Cloud, galaxy, galaxies, Milky Way, Andromeda, globular clusters, binaries, quasars, black holes, supermassive black holes, telescope, telescopes, planetarium, software, freestuff, satellites, add-ons, addons, scripts, eclipses, Solar Eclipses, Lunar Eclipses, Solar Eclipse Finder, Lunar Eclipse Finder, mutual eclipses, transits, occultations, Solar System, CELES-TOOLS, celeSTARrium, CELX, CELX programming, Freebies, multiple views, atronomical unit, light year, parsec, meteors, meteor showers, Perseids, Geminids, Leonids, barycenter, time, Time Zones, tides, alignments, conjunctions, oppositions, seasons, apogees, perigees, aphelion, perihelion, Earth, Luna, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Galilean Moons, Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto, Saturn, Titan, rings, Uranus, Neptune, Triton, E-MSpectrum, electromagnetic spectrum, astronaut, equinoxes, solstices, precession, rotation, spin, inclination, tilt, Ecliptic, orbits, ellipse, parabola, hyperbola

Planet Comparison HD vid.


Donate safely with: PayPal

to receive one or more
Sky-Gifts.  Your support is greatly appreciated!

SKY VIEWING
SOLAR SYSTEM
THE SUN
MERCURY
VENUS
EARTH
THE MOON
MARS
JUPITER
SATURN
URANUS
NEPTUNE
SMALLER WORLDS
STELLAR OBJECTS
EXOPLANETS
DEEP-SKY OBJECTS
SCALE OF THE COSMOS
———————
SKY-FUN / SKY-GAMES


VENUS FUN FACTS

When at its brightest, Venus can be seen in full daylight!  But you have to know where to look for it.

On Venus it "rains" sulfuric acid stronger than the acid found in car batteries!

Venus spins backwards on its axis, compared to all of the other major planets!

Due to the size of its orbit, Venus can often provide "slingshot effect" gravity-assists for solar-orbit and interplanetary missions.  Its gravity has already assisted at least four missions!

Volcanoes are constantly re-shaping Venus's surface!  So it actually has relatively few visible impact craters!

VENUS INTERACTIVES

QUICK ACCESS LIST

Note: some links are echoed elsewhere on this page and may include descriptive text.

View & Drag Venus in 3-D:
    Showing Clouds
    Showing No Clouds

Links to interactive features that show Venus's orbit in 3-D can be found on our  Solar System page

From UNL, this interactive shows  How Venus Exhibits Phases  as it and Earth orbit the Sun.

SunAeon's  2012 Venus Transit Interactive Tool  (It's AWESOME!)

From U. of Colorado's LASP site, here's an exploration of the greenhouse effect and planetary atmospheres in:  Goldilocks and the Three Planets!  It's excellent, and you'll even see a movie of a "dust devil" on Mars!

For MESSENGER to reach Mercury, it needed a  Venus Gravity Assist!

From the USGS, here's the awesome  Venus Global GIS Mapping Application!


SKYMARVELS™
VIDEOS FEATURING VENUS

Moon's Occultation of Venus 2010 May 16

Moon's Occultation of Venus 2010 Sep 11

 

The Solar System Barycenter

Inferior Planet Phases

Stunning Fields of View 002

Have You Ever . . . ?

"celestia4all" Site Preview